トップページ利用案内開館カレンダー資料検索交通アクセス

 
ご来館者数1067026

ご案内

Foreign-language(多言語)さいたま文学館の刊行物埼玉ゆかりのおもな文学者たち「文芸埼玉」と埼玉文芸賞常設展示解説(土・日)お話の部屋(月1回)小中学校の先生方へ書式・催し物案内サイトマップ新着情報イベント情報

施設マップ

さいたま文学館NEWSバックナンバー
 
.... ....

多言語編集中

Literary Composerswith Ties to Saitama Prefecture

 

The following is a brief outline of 19 notable literary composers withties to Saitama Prefecture, introduced as part of permanent exhibitions and theKafū Nagai Collection at the Saitama Museum of Literature.

 

Literary Composers with Ties to Saitama Prefecture

Novelists

• Katai Tayama

• Saneatsu Mushakōji

• Otokichi Mikami

• Fujiko Ōtani

• Saburō Toyoda

• Atsushi Nakajima

• Shichirō Fukazawa

• Tsuruo Andō

• Nobuo Uno

 

Poets

• Shinjirō Kurahara

• Jun Okamoto

• Kōtarō Jinbo

 

Poets of Tanka (Thirty-one Syllable Poems)

• Yūgure Maeda

• Yoshiko Mikajima

• Juzō Kagoshima

 

Haiku Poets

• Kanajo Hasegawa

• Shūson Katō

 

Children's Literature Composers

• Chiyo Kitagawa

• Muraji Uchiki

 

The Kafū Nagai Collection

• Kafū Nagai

   


Katai Tayama

katai-tayama
Katai Tayama (1872 - 1930)


inaka-kyoushi
InakaKyōshi (Country Teacher, FirstEdition)

Background

Born in Tatebayashi City, Gunma Prefecture,Katai Tayama published Futon (TheQuilt) in 1907, establishing himself as one of the most iconic authors in Japanesenaturalist literature. Furthermore, his first-person *I-Novel, which offered anintrospective illustration of his experience, went on to greatly influence manyother authors after him.

 

*An I-Novel is a genre in Japanese literature used todescribe works in which events in the story correspond to events    

 in the author'slife.

 

Ties to Saitama

Inaka Kyōshi (1909) depicts the natural scenery andlandscapes of what is now Hanyū City, the setting for the novel, through theeyes of a young elementary school teacher who is lodging at the temple where Tayama'sclose friend, Gyokumei Ōta, served as chief priest. Tayama's marriage to Ōta'syounger sister meant he made frequent visits to Saitama Prefecture. As aresult, many of Tayama's works feature tales of his travels and sightseeing experiencesthroughout Saitama, such as Tōkyōkinkō Ichinichino Kōraku

(Suburbs of Tokyo: A One-Day Excursion1).

 

 

 

Main Works

Jūemon no Saigo (The Death of Jūemon2) (1902), Futon (The Quilt) (1907), Toki wa Sugiyuku (Time Goes By3) (1916), Tōkyōkinkō Ichinichi no Kōraku (Suburbsof Tokyo: A One-Day Excursion1) (1923), Minamoto noYoshitomo (1925)

 

Other Resources

Katai Tayama Memorial LiteratureMuseum, Tatebayashi City, Gunma Prefecture

 

1,2,3 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.

 

 

Saneatsu Mushakōji


Saneatsu Mushakōji (1885 - 1976)

atarashiki-mura
▲(From left) Atarashiki Mura (NewVillage), Kono Michi o Aruku (I WalkThis Path
4)

Background

Saneatsu Mushakōji was born in Chiyoda, Tokyo.In 1910, together with Naoya Shiga and others, Mushakōji published the literarymagazine Shirakaba: named after the Shirakaba-ha (White Birch Society), ofwhich they were founding members. As one of the key representative authors of theShirakaba-ha, Mushakōji went on toproduce such works as Yūjō(Friendship) and Omedetaki Hito (GoodNatured Person), and was awarded the Order of Culture in 1951.

 

Ties to Saitama

In 1918, Mushakōji created a humanism-based communecalled Atarashiki Mura (New Village)in Miyazaki Prefecture. The commune eventually relocated to Moroyama Town, inthe Iruma District of Saitama Prefecture, in 1939, where it still exists today.A vivid depiction of the New Village commune in Moroyama Town appears in chapter5 "HigashiAtarashiki Mura no Seichō" (Development of the East New Village5) of Mushakōji's work,Kono Michi o Aruku (I Walk This Path4) (1958).

 

Main Works

Omedetaki Hito (Good Natured Person)(1911), Yūjō (Friendship) (1919), Ningen Banzai (Three Cheers for Mankind)(1922), Ihara Saikaku (1931)

 

Other Resources

Saneatsu Mushakōji Memorial Museum, Chōfu City,Tokyo

New Village, MoroyamaTown, Iruma District, Saitama Prefecture

 

4,5 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.

 

 

Otokichi Mikami

otokichi-mikami
Otokichi Mikami (1891 - 1944)

yukino-jo
Yukinojō Henge (Revenge of a KabukiActor)

Background

Otokichi Mikami was bornin Kasukabe City, Saitama Prefecture, and was a member of the literature clubduring his high school years at Kasukabe High School. Mikami was the leader ofpopular literature trends during the Taishō era (1911-1925) and the beginningof the Shōwa era (1925-1989). YukinojōHenge (Revenge of a Kabuki Actor), one of Mikami's signature works, wasserialized in Asahi Shimbun from 1934 and became extremely popular, leading toseveral adaptations of the work. 

Ties to Saitama

Mikami set several of his works in Saitama Prefecture,including Hyakuman-ryō Hibun (TheMillion-Ryō Secret), and Zuihitsu Wagahyōhaku(Essay: My Journey6) which describes his nostalgic memories of Kasukabe City,where he spent his junior high school days.

 

Main Works

Shunkō no Motoni (Under the Spring Sunlight7) (1917), Kuro Kami (Black Hair8) (1925), Oshidori Jumon (Charms for Wedded Bliss)(1926), Yukinojō Henge (Revenge of aKabuki Actor) (1934)

 

6,7,8 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.

 

 

Fujiko Ōtani

fujiko-otani
Fujiko Ōtani (1901 - 1977)

sanson-no-onnatachi
Sanson no Onnatachi (Women of theMountain Village, First Edition)

Background

Fujiko Ōtani was born in Ryōkami Village(present day Ogano Town), in the Chichibu District of Saitama Prefecture. Shepublished a literary magazine called Nichireki(Tear-off Calendar9) together with Jun Takami in 1933. The following year, oneof her works, Hansei (Half a Life), waschosen by Kaizō Magazine as anaward-winning novel, launching her forward into the literary world. Ōtaniproduced many novels, such as Sanson no Onnatachi(Women of the Mountain Village) (1939), which drew from the iconic, richlandscapes and climate of Chichibu.

 

Ties to Saitama

Many of her early works featured Chichibu as themain setting, such as Sanson no Onnatachi(Women of the Mountain Village) (1939), in which Ōtani used the regionaldialect to realistically depict the energetic daily lives of the women in thevillage. A literature monument dedicated to Sansonno Onnatachi was later erected in front of Ōtani's birthhome in RyōkamiVillage.

 

Main works

Hansei (Half a Life) (1934), Suzaki-ya (Suzaki Inn10) (1935), Sanson noOnnatachi (Women of the Mountain Village) (1939), Tsurube no Oto (The Sound of a Well Bucket11) (1952)

 

9,10,11 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.


 

Saburō Toyoda

toyoda
Saburō Toyoda (1907 - 1959)

ko-gun
▲(From left) Kōgun (March of theSoldiers
1, First Edition), Kamen Tenshi (A Disguised Angel, First Edition),Chōka (Funeral Flowers2, First Edition)

Background

Saburō Toyoda was born in what is now Sōka City,Saitama Prefecture, and attended what was formerly Kasukabe Junior High School.After graduating from university, Toyoda engaged in a variety of literary pursuitswhile working as an editor for the children's literature magazine Akai Tori. His first novel to be published,Chōka (Funeral Flowers2), attributed greatlyto his fame as one of Japan's key literary activism writers. His eldest daughter,Kei Morimura, was also a well-known writer.

 

Ties to Saitama

One of Toyoda's main works, Seinen Jidai (Youth3), which was later retitledas Seishun (Adolescence4), features the Naka River,which runs through Saitama Prefecture, as its setting. Literary monuments dedicatedto the memory of Saburō Toyoda were erected at both Hikawa Nyotai Shrine inKakinoki Town, Sōka City, and Kawayanagi Elementary School in Koshigaya City.

 

Main Works

Chōka (Funeral Flowers2) (1935), Kōgun(March of the Soldiers1) (1944), Kamen Tenshi(A Disguised Angel) (1948), Seishun (Adolescence4) (1956)

 

1,2,3,4 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.

 

 

Atsushi Nakajima
nakajima
Atsushi Nakajima (1909 - 1942)

saiyuki
▲(From left) Waga Saiyūki (My Journeyto the West, First Edition), Nantotan(Tales of the Southern Islands, First Edition)

Background

Born in what is now Shinjuku Ward, Tokyo, Nakajimawas left in the care of his grandmother at age two and spent his childhood in whathas since become Kuki City. From an early age, Nakajima possessed a profound knowledgeof Classical Chinese and many of his works, such as Sangetsu-Ki (The Moon Over the Mountain, also known as Tiger-Poet) (1942)and Riryō (Li Ling) (1943), were modelledafter Chinese Classics, captivating the attention of a wide audience.

 

Ties to Saitama

Nakajima's deep knowledge of Chineseliterature can largely be attributed to the fact that he was born into a familywell versed in Chinese studies. Nakajima's grandfather, Confucian scholar BuzanNakajima, taught Classical Chinese at his private tutoring school, Sakitama Kyōsha,in Kuki City. Nakajima's works also include TonanSensei (Master Tonan) in which he writes about his uncle, Confucian scholarTanzō Nakajima, who influenced him greatly.

 

Main Works

Rōshitsuki (Chameleon Diary) (1936), Sangetsu Ki (The Moon Over the Mountain, also known as Tiger-Poet) (1942),Hikari to Kaze to Yume (Light, Windand Dreams) (1942), Riryō (Li Ling) (1943)

Other Resources

Kanagawa Museum ofModern Literature (Naka Ward, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture): Part of thePermanent Exhibition for Novelists with Ties to Kanagawa

 

 

Shichirō Fukazawa

fukazawa
Shichirō Fukazawa (1914 - 1987)

bonsai-fukazawa
▲(From left) Bonsai Rōjin to Sono Shūhen(Old Bonsai Gardeners and Their Surroundings
5), NarayamaBushikō (The Ballad of Narayama), Michinokuno Ningyōtachi (The Dolls of Michinoku)

Background

Shichirō Fukazawa was born in Isawa Town, inthe Higashiyashiro District of Yamanashi Prefecture. In 1956, his novel Narayama Bushikō (The Ballad of Narayama)won the first Chūōkōron Prize to ever be awarded, kickstartinghis career as a professional writer. Fukazawawas also awarded the Tanizaki Prizefor his work Michinoku no Ningyōtachi(The Dolls of Michinoku) in 1981.

 

Ties to Saitama

In 1965, Fukazawa started a farm called the 'LoveMe Farm' in Shōbu Town of the Minamisaitama District where he lived until his passing.The works Fukuzawa produced after starting the farm made frequent references tothe 'Love Me Farm'. Fukazawa's work BonsaiRōjin to Sono Shūhen (Old Bonsai Gardeners and Their Surroundings5) also features theOmiya Bonsai Village in Saitama City (formerly Omiya City) and Angyo in KawaguchiCity, known as the 'Village of Garden Plants.'

 

Main works

Narayama Bushikō (The Ballad ofNarayama) (1956), Fuefukigawa (FuefukiRiver) (1958), Bonsai Rōjin to Sono Shūhen(Old Bonsai Gardeners and Their Surroundings5) (1973), Michinokuno Ningyōtachi (The Dolls of Michinoku) (1981)

 

Other Resources

Yamanashi Prefectural Museumof Literature (Kōfu City): The museum features exhibits on the works of notablewriters born in Yamanashi Prefecture.

 

5 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.

 

 

Tsuruo Andō
andou
Tsuruo Andō (1908 - 1969)


andou-watchi
▲(From left) A wristwatch presented to Tsuruo Andō as a commemorative gift forbeing awarded the  Naoki Prize, Script ofKōdan Honmokutei (Legend of the HonmokuPlayhouse)

Background

Born in Asakusa, Tokyo, Andō was a novelistand theater critic. Working as a critic of Kabuki and Rakugo (comicstorytelling), Andō was also a prolific writer of novels and essays. In thesecond half of 1963, Andō was awarded the Naoki Prize for his work, Kōdan Honmokutei (Legend of the HonmokuPlayhouse).

 

Ties to Saitama

For approximately three years from 1945, Andōlived with his wife in her parent's hometown, in what is now known as OkegawaCity. Andō's short story Fuji depictsOkegawa City at the time, referred to by the name of Samukawa Town. Whileliving in Okegawa City, in addition to Fuji,Andō also wrote various other manuscripts while staying at the Takemura Ryokan (Takemura Inn), whichstill exists to this day along the former Nakasendō (one of the five main travelroutes of the Edo period). 

 

Main Works

Gei no Kanshō (Appreciation of The Arts6) (1947), Fuji (1948), Yose Shinshiroku (Rakugo Playhouse Who's Who7) (1960), Kōdan Honmokutei (Legend of the HonmokuPlayhouse) (1963)

 

6,7 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.


 Nobuo Uno

uno
Nobuo Uno (1904 - 1991)


uno-mukashikara
Mukashi Shitamachi ni Sumite (I Usedto Live in Shitamachi
8)

Background

Nobuo Uno, born in what has since become HonjōCity, was a playwright who attended Kumagaya Junior High School (now SaitamaPrefectural Kumagaya High School). The performance of his play Kōdan Yoimiyaame (A Tale of Rain on theFestival Eve) at Kabukiza Theatre in 1935 earned him substantial popularity,and after going on to produce a great many Kabuki plays, he came to be referredto as the "*Mokuami of the Shōwa Era." Uno was designated a Person ofCultural Merit in 1985.

 

Ties to Saitama

Born in Honjō City, Uno spent his youth in KumagayaCity until he graduated from what was formerly Kumagaya Junior High School. Hisessay, Mukashi Shitamachi ni Sumite(I Used to Live in Shitamachi8), offers a glimpse into his junior high school days.

 

Main Works

Kōdan Yoimiyaame (A Tale of Rain on the Festival Eve) (1935), Yanagikagesawa no Hotarubi (Yanagikagesawa:Light of a Firefly9) (1970), SharetaKotoba (Sophisticated Words10) (1981), Tegami(Letter11) (1989)

 

*Mokuami Kawatake (1816-1893) was widelyregarded as one of the greatest Japanese dramatists of Kabuki, writingapproximately 150 plays over the course of his fifty-year career.

 

8,9,10,11 These titles have been translated as accurately as possible,however, are not English titles created by the original author and therefore donot necessarily represent the ideas, wishes, or intent of the author.